Lima may be the stated Capital of Peru but if you are wanting a real taste of Peruvian history and culture Cusco is the place people come, over 2 million a year in fact. It is host to a multitude of ancient ruins, temples, pathways and churches. Not least of all Peru is home to one of the Seven Wonders of the World : Machu Picchu. Just a train ride away this magnificent site which draws in tens of thousands of visitors a year shows the best of Peru. Its construction was ordered in the 15th century by the Inca who ruled over Cusco at the time. Cusco within this civilisation was the Capital and main point of expansion. However, historians and scientists have claimed that Cusco in fact spans back over 3,000 years as the longest inhabited city in The Americas.